POEM: GORWYNION GAUAV (THE BRILLIANCES OF WINTER)
Last of flowers, in tufts around
Shines the gorse’s golden bloom:
Milk white lichens clothe the ground
‘Mid the flowerless heath and broom:
Bright are holly-berries, seen
Red, through leaves of glossy green.
Brightly, as on rocks they leap,
Shine on sea-waves, white with spray:
Brightly in the dingles deep,
Gleams the river’s foaming way;
Brightly through the distance show
Mountain summits clothed with snow.
Brightly where the torrents bound,
Shines the frozen colonnade,
Which the black rocks, dripping round,
And the flying spray have made:
Bright the ice drops on the ash
Leaning o’er the cataract’s dash.
Bright the hearth, where feast and song
Crown the warrior’s hour of peace,
While the snow storm drives along,
Bidding the war’s worst tempest cease:
Bright the hearth flame, flashing clear
On the up-hung shield and spear.
Bright the torchlight of the hall
When the wintry night winds blow;
Brightness when its splendours fall
On the mead-cup’s sparkling flow:
While the maiden’s smile of light
Makes the brightness trebly bright.
Close the portals; pile the hearth;
Strike the harp; the feast pursue;
Brim the horns; fire, music, mirth,
Mead and love, are winter’s due.
Spring to purple conflict calls
Swords that shine on winter’s walls.
This poem comes from The Misfortunes of Elphin written by Thomas Love Peacock in 1829. The story is (very loosely) based on the last part of the Hanes Taliesin, in which the Bard Taliesin he has to free his patron Prince Elphin from imprisonment by Maelgon, the ruler of North Wales. Taliesin has to win a Bardic contest at the court of the High King Arthur and thus be able to ask for Arthur’s support. Elphin is indeed liberated, through Arthur’s arrangement of a prisoner exchange. The poem above is presented as the work of Prince Llywarch, one of the contestants. It is well received: “Llywarch’s song was applauded, as representing a series of images with which all present were familiar, and which were all of them agreeable”. It treats winter as, among other things, a period of respite from warfare. In future posts I will also present the entries of Merlin and the winner Taliesin.
Thomas Love Peacock was a slightly older contemporary of the Romantic poet Shelley and a close friend from 1812 until the latter’s departure for Italy in 1816. Indeed they continued to correspond, in letters that have been preserved, giving us valuable information about Shelley’s life in Italy. Peacock too wrote poetry and within The Misfortunes of Elphin he offers a characteristically Romantic view of Awen as “the rapturous and abstracted state of poetical inspiration”, also recommending the triad: “the three dignities of poetry: the union of the true and the wonderful; the union of the beautiful and the wise; the union of art and of nature”. Peacock travelled in Wales and lived in Maentwrog, Merionethshire, for a time. I have used Peacock’s spellings of proper names throughout.